Single-use household battery manufacturers that sell or manufacture their products in the state of Vermont are required to plan, implement, and manage a statewide battery collection program. This requirement has been in effect since 2016. Vermont was the first in the nation to enact this type of extended producer responsibility (EPR) legislation. The law requires primary (single-use) battery manufacturers to fund and manage a take-back and recycling program on behalf of consumers. It is the first law in the country that covers primary batteries with multiple chemistries (e.g., alkaline, zinc carbon, lithium primary silver oxide, and zinc air). There is also a voluntary collection program in place for rechargeable batteries.
It is estimated that more than 10 million batteries are sold in Vermont each year.