Vermont Passes H. 485/Act 148

Relating to establishing universal recycling of solid waste

Implemented by July 1, 2020

  • Food scraps generated from any source (business or residential) are banned from the landfill.

Implemented by July 1, 2018

  • Haulers must offer food scrap collection

Implemented by July 1, 2017

  • Transfer stations/Drop-off Facilities must accept food scraps; and
  • Food scrap generators of 18 tons/year (1/3 ton/week) must divert material to any certified facility within 20 miles

Implemented by July 1, 2016

  • Licensed haulers must collect leaf and yard debris separate from other solid waste and deliver to a  management facility.
  • All Vermonters - Ban on knowing disposing of leaf, yard, and clean wood debris.
  • Food scrap generators generating more than 26 tons of food per year must separate food scraps for  on-site management or transfer to a facility; if certified facility with capacity is located within 20 miles

Implemented as of July 1, 2015

  • All solid waste facilities must collect leaf and yard debris separate from other solid waste.
  • Generators of 52 tons/year of food scraps per year must separate food scraps for on-site management  or transfer to a facility; if certified facility with capacity is located within 20 miles.
  • All Vermonters are banned from knowingly disposing of *mandated recyclable materials.
  • All Municipalities must implement a variable rate pricing system for solid waste from residential  customers based on volume or weight.
  • Public buildings or public land - must offer a recycling container next to every trash container -  bathrooms are exempt.
  • Licensed haulers must collect mandated recyclables separate from other solid waste and deliver  to management facility, unless municipal ordinance or SWIP provides alternative; may not charge  separate fee


Implemented as of July 1, 2014

  • All trash facilities must accept residential recycling for free.
  • Haulers that offer collection of solid waste, must offer collection fo listed recyclables for all customers (including residents, businesses, and institutions) and may not charge a separate line item fee.

*Mandated recyclables includes the following materials separated from non-recyclable materials at the point of generation: aluminum and steel cans; aluminum foil and aluminum pie plates; glass bottles and jars from foods and beverages; polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottles or jugs; high density polyethylene (HDPE) plastic bottles and jugs; corrugated cardboard; white and mixed paper; newspaper; magazines; catalogues; paper mail and envelopes; boxboard; and paper bags.

http://dec.vermont.gov/waste-management/solid/universal-recycling